One of the most varied habitats in the whole of the UK
Cornwall’s spectacular Coastline
Cornwall has one of the most varied habitats including terrestrial and marine ecosystems in the whole of the UK. The North coast is more exposed to the prevailing winds from the Atlantic Ocean compared to Cornwall’s south coast. Because of this the terrain is much more rugged, with many sheer cliffs and steep valleys. The Cornish coastline of 697 km (422 mi), is mostly occupied by high cliffs, but also featuring islets, stacks, coves and bays.
Cornwall is one of the sunniest areas in the UK, with over 1541 hours of sunshine per year, with the highest average of 7.6 hours of sunshine per day in July. The Gulf Stream, bringing warm air from the Caribbean towards Europe makes Cornwall’s weather distinctly milder than other places in the world at the same latitude. Also due to the Gulf Stream, Cornwall has the UK’s only area of sub-tropical climate, at the extreme south-west of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly. The sub-tropical nature has resulted in a number of botanical gardens, such as Trebah and the Lost Gardens of Heligan.